At Novartis, we used quantitative targets on energy since 2003. In that year we started off with introducing energy efficiency targets for our business divisions. In 2005, we added an absolute greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction target on Scope 1 emissions for Novartis Group as the leading target in our environmental priority area “energy and climate”. This lead target was complemented by the pre-existing energy efficiency target for divisions and by new energy savings targets at site and divisional levels. In 2010, we expanded the GHG target to also include Scope 2 GHG emissions and set an additional specific target on CO2 emissions from our vehicles fleet.
The Novartis target for energy per unit of sales is primarily used for external communication, whereas targets on energy use per production, per number of employees or per building floor area are used internally for specific applications. In parallel, savings achieved in energy projects turned out to be more practical and better for internal communication. Systematically collecting savings information in terms of energy, cost and GHG savings from CAPEX energy projects can illustrate the business case achieved with these projects and the progress achieved compared to a business-as-usual scenario without these additional efforts.
From 2008, (the peak year of GHG emission at Novartis), we have been able to continuously decrease total emissions and work towards our ambitious reduction targets of 15% by 2015 and 20% by 2020 compared to 2008. Novartis have made great progress; with the 2015 GHG target achieved in 2013, two years in advance of our deadline. Our emissions reduction progress has been greatly enhanced by every division actively identifying and implementing energy projects to reduce energy consumption by 2% per year up to 2015, using our 2008 energy consumption levels as a baseline.
In 2015, Novartis increased the ambition of the 2020 GHG reduction target to a 30% emissions reduction compared to the already contracted baseline year 2010, and included a vision for 2030 to reduce GHG emissions by 50%; halving CO2e release compared to the 2010 baseline.
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